Antibiotic use in dairying – state of the sector survey
Nine in 10 dairy farmers participating in a new RABDF survey say that the farming industry must take a proactive lead in the battle against antibiotic resistance. Those questioned also think that over the next five years they could cut their own antibiotic use by almost a third in dry cow therapy and a fifth in clinical mastitis.
The survey of over 300 farmers, farm managers and farm workers conducted by RABDF last month in collaboration with the University of Bristol assessed attitudes to and use of antibiotics in dairy and beef farming. It was carried out in the wake of the Government-commissioned O’Neill Review on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) published earlier this year.
At a media briefing in London on Monday 3 October, Dr Kristen Reyher from the University of Bristol’s School of Veterinary Sciences expressed that, in analysing the results, her team was very encouraged that dairy farmers thought it possible to achieve a median reduction of 30% in antibiotic dry cow therapy use within the next five years.
Dr Reyher, senior lecturer in Farm Animal Science, said: “As well as this, reductions of 15% in antibiotic use to treat calf diseases – most probably pneumonia and calf scour, and 20% to treat clinical mastitis in milking cows are thought possible.
“Within this there is also scope to reduce the use of antibiotics considered critically important for human medicine. Reduction of critically important antimicrobials is something the University of Bristol has been working hard on, and over the past six years their farm animal practice has reduced prescribing of these critical antimicrobials by almost 90%, using none in recent years. There are big gains to be made and the best way forward is to encourage farmers and vets to work closely together,” Dr Reyher said.
RABDF Council member and dairy farmer, Di Wastenage said the findings indicated that some of the motivation to reduce may coming down the supply chain. “Three-quarters of respondents in dairying said their milk purchaser was starting to ask about antibiotic use. Alongside this, 94% thought the sector needed to be seen to be ‘doing its bit’ to tackle the issue, and 86% agreed reductions needed to happen before they were forced to make them,” she explained.
Mrs Wastenage said the survey results would be fed into current farming industry initiatives to measure and reduce use of antibiotics, such as those being run by RUMA and CHAWG .
However, she said they also highlighted some important calls to action the RABDF itself would take forward, using its UK-wide reach and close connections with the wider dairy industry.
“Vets are also crucial in this conversation,” added Mrs Wastenage. “The survey results indicate that there is space for vets to have greater input in this area. The survey also identified that 40% of respondents in the dairy sector were recording medicines use electronically in some form already. It should be possible to migrate these records to a central system – something that will help CHAWG in its current investigations on how to gather data on use.”
Finally, Mrs Wastenage said there were opportunities to look at the role dairy consultants could play, to incorporate modules to support the reduction of antibiotic use into RABDF training programmes and to promote the concept to BTEC and other training providers.
“It’s clear there is very good awareness of the threat. Now is the time to think big and be ambitious. The activities suggested in the survey include selective dry cow therapy, better uptake of vaccination, use of fever tags and thermal imaging, along with improving ventilation, housing and system design, so it would be interesting to explore these in more detail. The challenge remains of how to make reductions without impacting welfare.”
Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture (RUMA) Alliance, which is setting up a Targets Task Force to help each sector identify and set objectives to reduce use of antibiotics
Cattle Health and Welfare Group of GB (CHAWG), currently working with a number of stakeholder groups to develop methods of capturing data on use of antibiotics in the beef and dairy sectors
Summary of the survey’s key findings
• 322 questionnaires were completed by farmers, farm managers, stock persons, students and veterinarians
• 97% of farmers regard the current AMR crisis as something they need to play a part in tackling.
• Over 80% agreed AMR is a problem across all human and animal medicine.
• 88% agreed the industry needs to lead, not follow, in tackling AMR.
• Over 80% of respondents agreed they need to reduce antimicrobial use before they are forced to do so.
• Antibiotic usage could be reduced in the next five years by 20% in clinical mastitis and around one third in dry cow therapy.
• Antibiotic usage in calves could be cut by a median of 15%.
• Almost 60% of dairy farmers surveyed were aware of treatments they use which include critically important antibiotics
• 52% of farmers received recommendations from their vet on reduction in total antibiotic use, with a similar percentage receiving veterinary advice specifically on critically important antibiotic use.
RABDF would like to thank all those members who participated in this survey.